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In the West, thinking in November or December, is to think of different things but in general similar: Autumn, the preparations for Christmas, in the United States expect more Thanksgiving, in the southern hemisphere enjoy spring, but in India and many countries of the world, November is the month of Happy diwali, known by those who are not Hindus, as the 'festival of lights'.

Happy Dwali

Image by Kushal Goenka

It is a very important day in India, and very little known to many of us, and this 2015 is celebrated on November 11, so it is a good time to show you everything about Diwali, a celebration that captivates all who the presence and those who know it. Let's start.

What is the Diwali Festival?

Let's start by saying that 'diwali' is a Sanskrit word that comes from ' Dipavali ', meaning 'row of lighted lamps', giving meaning to its fame as the 'festival of lights'. It is the most famous festival in Asia and every day has more in love.

Formerly Diwali was the harvest festival, it currently has many parties contained in one, including the beginning of the new year. It lasts for five days, between October 18 and 28 or so. This year begins on october 18.

There are more origins or festivities related to Dwali: some believe it is the marriage of Laskhm with Vishnu, while in Bengal the festival is dedicated to Kali, the dark goddess of strength, but also Ganeesha, the head-of-God elephant , a symbol of good omen and wisdom, is also worshiped in most Hindu homes during these days.

In Jainism, Diwal has an additional importance for Lord Mahavira, for it is the day when he attains nirvana, eternal happiness.

Also commemorates the return of Rama, along with Sita and Laskhmana and its 14 years of exile and to conquer the devil Ravana. In the joyous celebration of the return of their king, the people of Ayodhya, the capital of Rama, illuminated the kingdom with diyas (oil lamps) and fireworks.

Oil lamps

Oil lamps, by Dhinal Chheda

From here comes the tradition of lighting oil lamps at night.

The festival lasts five days, and this is what is celebrated in each one of them:

Day 1: On the first day, the 'Spring Cleaning' takes place.

Day 2: The oil lamps ( diyas ) are started in the newly cleaned house.

Day 3: It is the main day of the holidays. Families gather to pray to the goddess L