Antarctica is much more than an area of 14,677,000 square kilometers located around the pole, from latitude 60 degrees South. Unlike the Arctic, which is a layer of floating ice, Antarctica is continental land that preserves nearly 90% of the world's fresh water. A thick layer of ice covers over 95% of its territory, reaching the highest elevation of all the continents, with an average elevation of 2300 meters.
Unlike the 350 species of plants, animal life exists only around the sea, where whales, seals and penguins, among other waterfowl, met most of its life cycle.
Harsh climatic conditions are characterized by temperatures that can drop to -40 ° C, even in summer, with good weather, the average in Antarctica is usually around -7.
In winter, when the night seems eternal, sea ice accumulated in the periphery doubles the size of the continent. However, in summer the sun is always visible. So the phenomenon of the polar night and day takes place.
The first Antarctic explorers arrived in 1773, performing feats to discover this true terrible geography. At present, the Antarctic Treaty allows countries such as Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, Belgium, Japan, the former Union of South Africa, the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States conducting scientific activities and technical studies on the floor of Antarctica.
Each year also are more tourists visiting the Peninsula, being the region with greater richness and diversity. And, indeed, worth traveling thousands of miles by air or sea to admire the beauty of this unique corner of the planet that remains almost untouched.