A photographer (from Greek φωτός (photos), meaning "light", and γράφω (graphos), meaning "written") is a person who takes photographs. A professional photographer uses photographyto earn money; amateur photographers take photographs for pleasure and to record an event, emotion, place, or person.
A professional photographer may be an employee, for example of a newspaper, or may contract to cover a particular event such as a wedding or graduation, or to illustrate anadvertisement. Others, including paparazzi and fine art photographers, are freelancers, first making a picture and then offering it for sale or display. Some workers, such as policemen,estate agents, journalists and scientists, make photographs as part of other work. Photographers who produce moving rather than still pictures are often calledcinematographers, videographers or camera operators, depending on the commercial context.
Photographers are also categorized based on the subjects they photograph. Some photographers explore subjects typical of paintings such as landscape, still life, andportraiture. Other photographers specialize in subjects unique to photography, includingstreet photography, documentary photography, fashion photography, wedding photography,war photography, photojournalism, and commercial photography.