London, United Kingdom.
A British soldier and statesman, a native of Ireland with Anglo-Irish Ascendancy and one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century.
Commissioned as an ensign in the British Army in 1787. Served in Ireland as aide-de-camp to two successive Lords Lieutenant of Ireland, also elected as a Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons. As a Colonel from 1796, saw action in the Netherlands and in India, fighting in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War at the Battle of Seringapatam. Appointed governor of Seringapatam and Mysore in 1799 and as the newly appointed major-general won a decisive victory over the Maratha Confederacy at the Battle of Assaye in 1803.
Multiple promotions during the Peninsular campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, and promoted to field marshal after leading the allied forces to victory against the French at the Battle of Vitoria in 1813. Following Napoleon's exile in 1814, served as the ambassador to France and was granted a dukedom. During the Hundred Days in 1815, commanded the allied army which, together with a Prussian army under Blücher, defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. Participated in some 60 battles during my military career.
Twice British prime minister under the Tory party and oversaw the passage of the Catholic Relief Act 1829.