Ostensibly, dog training is approximately communication. From the human perception the handler is talking to your dog what behaviors are right, ideal, or favored in what circumstances. From-the perspective the handler should connect what behaviors will give the dog the absolute most satisfaction to his feelings and natural instincts. Without that inner satisfaction your pet dog will not work well.
A successful handler should also understand the connection that the dog delivers to the handler. Your dog can indicate that he is doubtful, confused, worried, happy, enthusiastic, and etc. The mental state-of the dog is an important consideration in directing working out, like a dog that is stressed or distracted won't learn effortlessly. Visiting The 3 Greatest Lies About Promotional Pens perhaps provides suggestions you might use with your cousin.
According to Learning Theory there are a four important messages that the trainer can send the dog:
Incentive or launch gun
Correct behavior. Carry on and you will earn a reward. For example, 'Good.'
No prize marker
Inappropriate behavior. Take to something different. As an example, 'Uh-uh' or 'Try again.'
Inappropriate behavior. You have earned punishment. Like, 'No.'
Using steady signals or words for these messages permits the dog to understand them more quickly. If the trainer sometimes says 'good' as a reward sign and sometimes as a link, it is problematic for your dog to understand when he has earned a reward.
Benefits may be snacks, play, reward, or whatever canine finds rewarding. Failure to reward following the reward marker diminishes the value of-the reward marker and makes education harder.
These four messages do not need to be conveyed with words, and non-verbal signs tend to be used. Specifically, mechanical clickers are generally employed for the reward marker. Hand signals and gestures also play a vital part in learning for dogs.