From your CCNA to the CCIE, ISDN is among the most significant technolgies you'll use. It is also common in the area ISDN is often used as a backup link in case an organization's Frame Relay connections go down. For that reason, it is vital that you know ISDN principles not only for your particular examination, but for job success.
ISDN is employed between two Cisco routers which have BRI or PRI interfaces. Ostensibly, with ISDN among the routers places a call to another switch. It is crucial to comprehend not only what causes one router to dial another, but what makes the hyperlink drop.
Why? Because ISDN is actually a phone call from hub to a different, you're getting billed for that phone call -- by the minute. If you think you know anything at all, you will maybe claim to compare about more information. If among your routers calls another, and never hangs up, the connection could theoretically last for days or weeks. The system manager then gets a substantial phone bill, leading to bad things for everybody involved!
Cisco routers use the concept of interesting traffic to decide when one router must call still another. Automagically, there's no interesting traffic, so if you do not define any, the hubs can never call one another.
Interesting traffic is described using the command. This command provides many options, and that means you can wrap interesting traffic down not merely to what protocols can bring the link up, but what the source, destination, and sometimes even port number must be for the line to come up.
One common mis-conception occurs once that link is up. Interesting traffic is needed to bring the link up, but by default, any traffic can then cross the ISDN link.
What makes the hyperlink drop? Again, the thought of interesting traffic can be used. Cisco routers have an idle-timeout setting because of their dialup interfaces. If interesting traffic doesn't cross the link for the amount of time given from the idle-timeout, the link precipitates.
To summarize: Interesting traffic brings the link up automagically, any traffic can cross the link once it's up too little interesting traffic is what brings the link down.
Equally as crucial is knowing what keeps the web link up after it is dialed. Why? Because ISDN acts as a call be