Sandra Pinzón

Who invented the paper?

Of all the materials that people have used for writing, paper is the most widespread throughout the world. Its name derives from papyrus, which was the material used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. The papyrus is however only one of the paper predecessors.

Ts' ai Lun invented paper in 105 AD in China, from scrap fabric. At that time was the chief eunuch of the emperor, and was head of the royal household supplies. Ts'ai Lun was the first person who organized production on a large scale and managed to get the exclusive patents to do so. China at that time was already a bureaucratic society abundantly documents required to bring their written records. They were the bases for the development of a lighter material, easy to store and transport than existing wooden slats or silk fabrics.

So, the Chinese developed a number of specialty paper, with different sizes, insect protection, etc.. However, they had trouble meeting the high demand there was for government administration, thus, they decided to use bamboo fiber to manufacture the paper.

For 500 years, papermaking was exclusive of the Chinese, and it is up to the year 610 when the manufacturing technique arrives in Japan and Korea.

The first book of history, was printed in China in 868. It's "The Diamond Sutra", by Wang Jie.